KEY PUBLICATIONS

Alternative modes of client binding enable functional plasticity of Hsp70
Alireza Mashaghi et al. | Nature 539, 448-451 (2016) | pdf & DOI: 10.1038/nature20137
Stochasticity of metabolism and growth at the single-cell level
Daniel J. Kiviet et al. | Nature 514, 376-379 (2014) | pdf & DOI: 10.1038/nature13582
Reshaping of the conformational search of a protein by the chaperone trigger factor
Alireza Mashaghi et al. | Nature 500, 98-101 (2013) | pdf & DOI: 10.1038/nature12293
Tradeoffs and optimality in the evolution of gene regulation
Frank J. Poelwijk et al. | Cell 146, 462-470 (2011) | pdf & DOI:10.1016/j.cell.2011.06.035
Direct Observation of Chaperone-Induced Changes in a Protein Folding Pathway
Philipp Bechtluft, Ruud van Leeuwen et al. | Science 318:1458-1461 (2007) | pdf & DOI:10.1126/science.1144972
Empirical fitness landscapes reveal accessible evolutionary paths
Frank Poelwijk, Daan Kiviet et al. | Nature 445:383-386 (2007) | pdf & DOI:10.1038/nature05451
The bacteriophage phi29 portal motor can package DNA against a large internal force
Douglas E. Smith, Sander J. Tans et al. | Nature 413:748-52 (2001) | pdf & DOI:10.1038/35099581
Molecular transistors: Potential modulations along carbon nanotubes
Sander J. Tans, Cees Dekker. | Nature 404:834-35 (2000) | pdf & DOI:10.1038/35009026
Imaging electron wave functions of quantized energy levels in carbon nanotubes
Liesbeth C. Venema et al. | Science 283:52-55 (1999) | pdf & DOI:10.1126/science.283.5398.52
Electron-electron correlations in carbon nanotubes
Sander J. Tans et al. | Nature 394:761-64 (1998) | pdf & DOI:10.1038/29494
Room-temperature transistor based on a single carbon nanotube
Sander J. Tans, Alwin R. M. Verschueren & Cees Dekker | Nature 393:49-52 (1998) | pdf & DOI:10.1038/29954
Individual single-wall carbon nanotubes as quantum wires
Sander J. Tans et al. | Nature 386:474-77 (1997) | pdf & DOI:10.1038/386474a0
Fullerene 'crop circles'
Jie Liu et al. | Nature 385, 780-781 (1997) | pdf & DOI:10.1038/385780b0

Individuality and universality in the growth-division laws of single E. coli cells

Kennard, A. S.; Osella, M.; Javer, A.; Grilli, J.; Nghe, P.; Tans, S. J.; Cicuta, P.; Lagomarsino, M. Cosentino
Abstract:
The mean size of exponentially dividing Escherichia coli cells in different nutrient conditions is known to depend on the mean growth rate only. However, the joint fluctuations relating cell size, doubling time, and individual growth rate are only starting to be characterized. Recent studies in bacteria reported a universal trend where the spread in both size and doubling times is a linear function of the population means of these variables. Here we combine experiments and theory and use scaling concepts to elucidate the constraints posed by the second observation on the division control mechanism and on the joint fluctuations of sizes and doubling times. We found that scaling relations based on the means collapse both size and doubling-time distributions across different conditions and explain how the shape of their joint fluctuations deviates from the means. Our data on these joint fluctuations highlight the importance of cell individuality: Single cells do not follow the dependence observed for the means between size and either growth rate or inverse doubling time. Our calculations show that these results emerge from a broad class of division control mechanisms requiring a certain scaling form of the "division hazard rate function," which defines the probability rate of dividing as a function of measurable parameters. This "model free" approach gives a rationale for the universal body-size distributions observed in microbial ecosystems across many microbial species, presumably dividing with multiple mechanisms. Additionally, our experiments show a crossover between fast and slow growth in the relation between individual-cell growth rate and division time, which can be understood in terms of different regimes of genome replication control.
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
Article
Journal:
Phys Rev E
Volume:
93
Number:
1
Pages:
012408
Month:
January
Note:
[DOI:\href{https://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.93.012408}{10.1103/PhysRevE.93.012408}] [PubMed:\href{https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26871102}{26871102}]
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